قارچ ایران زمین

 

قارچ ایران زمین دیگر فروش کمپوست ندارد لطفا تماس نگیرید

آدرس جدید قارچ ایران زمین WWW.IranZaminMushroom.ir

فروش کمپوست قارچ دکمه ای با کیفیت عالی و خاک پوششی و ارسال به تمام ایران

https://blog0.ir/wp-content/plugins/RSSPoster_PRO-PersianScript/cache/c8be2_2.jpg

 فروش کمپوست دکمه ای (کمپوست سهیل، صدف، دزفول،جوانه، پارس شهریار، ملارد،بی بی، نگین

ارسال به تمام ایران (هزینه حمل در زمان تخلیه به باربری پرداخت شود)

فروش کمپوست قارچ دکمه ای 

ثبت سفارش فقط بالای سه تن (لطفا برای میزان کمتر تماس نگیرید، راهکار: دو یا سه نفر شوید و تقسیم کنید یا از مشتری های نزدیک ما بخواهید). اثتثنا مقادیر  کم کمپوست بین یک تا سه تن فقط به استان های نزدیک و فقط در فصول سرد (پاییز، زمستان و اواسط بهار) ارسال می شود. برای اطلاعات بیشتر به لینک کلیک مراجعه نمایید.

قیمت هر تن کمپوست بلوکی ۴۷۰ تا ۵۹۵ هزار تومان

ابعاد کمپوست بلوکی ۴۰*۶۰ و وزن هر کدام ۱۷ تا ۲۰ کیلو می باشد (عملکرد ۲۰ تا ۳۰ درصد بسته به شرایط تولید)

روند سفارش کمپوست دکمه ای:

ثبت تلفنی سفارش و واریز هزینه کمپوست، ارسال پس از یک، سه تا ۱۰ روز

کرایه حمل در زمان تخلیه به باربری تحویل داده شود.

برای اطلاع از میزان کرایه در هر ساعتی از شبانه روز با باربری آقای قربانی (شرکت قارچ ایران زمین) تلفن ۰۹۱۲۴۹۲۱۵۹۰ و یا آقای عامری (شرکت حمل و نقل تيزپانورد جاده) ٠٢١٥٥١٨٦١٠٤ و ٠٩١٢٣٠٣٥٩٥٢ تماس بگیرید  و وزن و محل بارگیری را برای کمپوست صدف، جوانه و سهیل آبیک قزوین و برای پارس شهریار چهار راه ملارد و سایر کمپوست ها کرج و مقصد را شهر محل سکونت تان  اعلام نمایید (وزن هر متر خاک را حدودا ۵۰۰ کیلو در نظر بگیرید، برای انتخاب نوع ماشین حمل برای خاور حداکثر ۴و نیم تن، ۹۱۱ پنچ تا ۵٫۵ تن، تک ۱۰ تن، ده چرخ (جفت) ۱۵ تن و تریلی ۲۲ تن لحاظ نمایید). خاک از کرج بارگیری می شود بنابراین کرایه بین مسیر کمپوست و خاک (تحت عنوان دوجابارگیری) را نیز در نظر گرفته می شود.

برای محاسبه میزان کمپوست مورد نیاز، ابعاد قفسه ها و تعداد طبقات آن خود را ایمیل یا پیامک

بانک ملت (اولویت اول): شماره حساب: ۴۵۶۶۷۹۵۹۷۹ به نام دکتر ولی­ اله مهدیزاده  شماره کارت: ۶۱۰۴۳۳۷۲۲۰۶۹۴۶۸۹       کد شبا : IR42  ۰۱۲۰  ۰۲۰۰  ۰۰۰۰  ۴۵۶۶  ۷۹۵۹  ۷۹

تلفن تماس فقط جهت ثبت سفارش (شرایط در متن اطلاعیه قید شده)  ۰۹۱۲۸۴۳۱۸۲۴ (هر روز هفته ساعت تماس ۹ تا ۱۸) و یا تلفن دفتر: شنبه، یک شنبه، سه شنبه، چهار شنبه (ساعات متغیر): کد تهران: ۰۲۱ شماره تلفن *** (هموطنان آذری زبان لطفا جهت ثبت سفارش با آقای دکتر محمدی () تماس بگیرید.)

آدرس: کرج، هشتگرد، کشت و صنعت مروارید تنکمان

با خرید کمپوست از ما  یک راهنمای عملی در اختیار شما قرار خواهد گرفت (از طریق تلگرام یا ایمیل) و از مشاوره تلفنی رایگان، تلگرامی (ارسال عکس و مشاوره جهت رفع مشکلات) و یا حضوری کارشناسان ما بهره مند خواهید شد.

فایل مربوط به ثبت اطلاعات سالن از طریق تلگرام برای شما ارسال می شود. لطفا نسبت به ثبت و گزارش مرتب به ما اقدام کنید.

جهت کسب اطلاعات به روز در زمینه تولید قارچ، آخرین تغیرات کیفیت و قیمت کمپوست و… به کانال قارچ ایران زمین در تلگرام بپیوندید. کافیست با موبایل خود روی لینک کلیک و آن را با تلگرام باز کنید.

 

IranZaminMushroom@

https://telegram.me/IranZaminMushroom

خرید خاک پوششی قارچ ایران زمین  با تضمین

 خاک پوششی پاستوریزه و بسته بندی شده ایرانی در سه نوع فرمولاسیون هر متر مکعب ۱۲۰،  ۱۵۰ و ۲۷۰ هزار تومان

خاک خام شیراز هر متر ۸۰ هزار تومان

خاک خام شمال ۹۰ هزار تومان

شرایط خرید: همانند شرایط کمپوست

 واحد فروش کمپوست قارچ صدفی

 (کمپوست  صدف، جوانه،بی بی،ماهان، یاس، دهکده،  پارس،  فرشاد، چتر سف

 

 


 

مقاله ۲۰۱۶: استفاده از اسپنت کمپوست (کمپوست قارچ مصرف شده) در فاز یک کمپوست سازی

Effects of Spent Mushroom Compost (SMC) as an Ingredient in Phase we Compost on Production of Agaricus bisporus

ABSTRACT

Experiments were achieved to establish a outcome of regulating 20% spent fungus compost (SMC) as an partial in proviso we compost on fungus yield. Yields from compost prepared with dual 20% SMC formulations (80Ctl, 80LC) were compared to a customary control (Ctl) containing no SMC. The 80LC compost was formulated with a aloft turn of lignocellulose tender materials, including corn stover, corncobs, cottonseed hulls, and wheat straw. The 80Ctl compost contained 20% SMC and a same tender materials used to ready Ctl compost. Yields of 80LC matched or exceeded yields of a Ctl compost in all 3 crops while yields of 80Ctl were significantly lower. As an additional factor, lignocellulose supplements were combined during spawning and were a poignant cause in augmenting fungus yields, nonetheless not aloft to a customary blurb further practical during 3.7% (dry compost weight). Compost bulk firmness was significantly aloft (19–۲۰%) in compost formulations containing 20% SMC compared to a non-SMC Ctl. Populations of 4 distinguished phyla of germ (Firmicutes, Actinobacteria, Proteobacteria, and Chloroflexi), as dynamic by pyrosequence analysis, were identical in both compost forms and did not seem to change fungus yield.

 http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/1065657X.2016.1147399

http://www.iranzaminmushroom.ir/category/2


 

 

مقاله ۲۰۱۶: برا کمپوست سازی کاه برنج بهتره یا گندم؟ مقایسه جمعیت میکروبی در طول مراحل مختلف کمپوست سازی

 

Comparison of characterization and microbial communities in rice straw- and wheat straw-based compost for Agaricus bisporus production

 

    Lin Wang , Jiugeng Mao, Hejuan Zhao, Min Li, Qishun Wei, Ying Zhou, Heping Shao

 

Abstract

 

Rice straw (RS) is an critical tender element for a credentials of Agaricus bisporus compost in China. In this study, a characterization of composting slight from RS and wheat straw (WS) was compared for fungus production. The formula showed that a feverishness in RS compost increasing fast compared with WS compost, and a CO (C)/nitrogen (N) ratio decreased quickly. The microbial changes during a Phase we and Phase II composting slight were monitored regulating denaturing slope jelly electrophoresis (DGGE) and phospholipid greasy poison (PLFA) analysis. Bacteria were a widespread class during a slight of composting and a bacterial village structure dramatically altered during store composting according to a DGGE results. The bacterial village farrago of RS compost was abounding compared with WS compost during stages 4–۵, though no graphic disproportion was celebrated after a tranquil hovel Phase II process. The sum volume of PLFAs of RS compost, as an indicator of microbial biomass, was aloft than that of WS. Clustering by DGGE and principal member investigate of a PLFA compositions suggested that there were differences in both a microbial race and village structure between RS- and WS-based composts. Our information indicated that composting of RS resulted in softened plunge and acclimatization of relapse products by A. bisporus, and suggested that a RS compost was effective for nutritious A. bisporus fungus expansion as good as required WS compost.

 

Keywords

 

Agaricus bisporus Composting Rice straw DGGE PLFA


 

 

مقاله ۲۰۱۴: تاثیر فشرده سازی کمپوست، ایجاد سوراخ در کیسه‌های کمپوست و برنامه آبیاری در عملکرد قارچ دکمه‌ای

Effect of compost compression, puncture in compost bags and watering report on produce of white symbol mushroom, Agaricus bisporus

Abstract

The investigate presents a formula of compost compression, puncture in compost bags and a watering regime on a fruit physique produce of a white symbol mushroom, A. bisporus. In 4 cultivation trials achieved during opposite durations of 3 years in 10 kg compost bags, slightest time for initial collect (days post-casing) was available in compost dense adult to 3″ along with puncture in compost filled polybags @ 30 holes of 0.5 cm dia / bag. In opposite compost application treatments, a initial collect was progressing and also fruit physique produce (kg/ 100kg compost) was aloft in bags with puncture compared to bags though perforation. The produce was top in bags though any application of compost though with perforation, followed by bags dense adult to 5″ abyss along with perforation. The normal fruit physique wt. was above 13 g in all a treatments though in many of a cases it was aloft in bags with puncture in compost bags. The spent fungus substrate from a high agreeable treatments was found to have aloft nitrogen calm than in treatments with reduce yield. Heavy watering on day 0, 4th and 7th, followed by slight mist of H2O gave aloft fruit physique yield.

 


 خصوصیات بیوشیمیایی ضایعات محصولات مختلف کشاورزی بر روی قارچ صدفی

 

Biochemical properties of opposite rural wastes treated with Pleurotus ostreatus

Abstract

An methodical investigate of  opposite rural wastes namely, wheat straw, paddy straw, string waste, sugarcane baggasse and banana leaves was achieved that enclosed investigate of wanton protein (%), wanton nitrogen (%), wanton fiber (%) and charcoal contents. These essence were estimated in all a substrates, to make a comparisons that how a cultivation of Pleurotus ostreatus led to encouragement of a contents. The meant values of a essence were remarkable before and after inoculation with a Pleurotus ostreatus spawn. The meant values of a charcoal calm were found to be a limit in string rubbish and slightest in banana leaves. Similarly in box of nitrogen, a meant values is found limit in string rubbish followed by wheat straw. The top protein calm (%) was found in string rubbish followed by wheat straw, banana leaves, paddy straw and slightest calm was in sugarcane baggasse. The meant values for a wanton fiber is found limit in string rubbish followed by sugarcane baggase, wheat straw, paddy straw and a slightest volume is in banana leaves. The investigate of a substrate showed a encouragement of their nutritive values.

http://epubs.icar.org.in/ejournal/index.php/MR/article/view/49052

 

 

مقاله داخلی ۲۰۱۳: استفاده از مکمل در زمان خاک دهی جهت افزایش کیفیت و
کمیت قارچ دکمه ای- کمپوست*
 
*Supplementation during surrounding to urge produce and peculiarity of white button
mushroom*
 
*Author(s)*    Leave a comment

Yaqvob Mami
,
Gholamali Peyvast
,
Mahmood Ghasemnezhad
,
Farhood Ziaie

Affiliation(s)

Department of Horticulture Science, Faculty of Agriculture, University
of Guilan, Rasht, Iran
.
Department of Horticulture Science, Faculty of Agriculture, University
of Guilan, Rasht, Iran
.
Department of Horticulture Science, Faculty of Agriculture, University
of Guilan, Rasht, Iran
.
Agricultural, Medical and Industrial Research School, Nuclear Science
and Technology Research Institute, Karaj, Iran
.

ABSTRACT

Supplementation of substrate during surrounding to boost a produce and quality
of fungus [/Agaricus bisporus/(Lange) Sing] is an critical practice
in blurb prolongation of white symbol mushroom. This plan was done
to investigate a effects of supplementing a compost during surrounding with ground
corn and soybean seed practical at: 0 gas control, 17, 34 and51 gper17
kgcompost on prolongation and collect peculiarity of /A//. bisporus/. There
were poignant differencesbetween supplemented and non-supplemented
substrates. The34 gsoybean and51 gcorn treatments had a top yield.
There were poignant differences in peculiarity indices of fungus due to
the form and volume of a supplement. The51 gsoybean supplement
produced aloft protein compared with other substrates. The highest
vitamin C, sum phenol, sum soluble solids and antioxidant capacity
obtained of 34 and51 gsoybeans or 34 and51 gcorn, respectively.
Increased prolongation and peculiarity of /A//. bisporus/may be achieved by
addition of suitable amounts of supplements
 
http://www.scirp.org/journal/PaperInformation.aspx?paperID=27436#.VCFH5VfP01p
.
 
————————————————————————
 
*مقاله ۲۰۱۴: تغییر در کربوهیدرات های کمپوست قارچ طی کمپوست سازی و رشد
میسلیومی قارچ دکمه ای آگاریکوس بایسپوروس*

  Carbohydrate combination of compost during composting and mycelium
  expansion of /Agaricus bisporus/
 

————————————————————————

*مقاله ۲۰۱۳ در م**ورد مهمترین بیماری قارچ خوراکی دکمه ای سفید یعنی
بیماری حباب خشک با استفاده از تی کمپوست یا همون چای حاصل از کمپوست مصرف شده*

  Control of dry burble illness (/Lecanicillium fungicola/) in button
  fungus (/Agaricus bisporus/) by spent fungus substrate tea
 

  * Francisco J. Gea
    ,
  * Jaime Carrasco
    ,
  * Fernando Diánez
    ,

  * Mila Santos
    ,
  * María J. Navarro
   

    Abstract

Dry burble (caused by /Lecanicillium fungicola/) is a widespread disease
of symbol mushroom. The design of a experiments was to determine
the potency of compost teas done from spent fungus substrate (SMS) as
a biocontrol routine opposite a disease. All SMS teas constructed in this
study significantly indifferent (100 %) a in vitro mycelial expansion of
/L. fungicola/, given a fungicide prochloraz during 50 ppm inhibited
growth by 91 %. The in vivo efficacy of dual SMS aerated teas, one
with vegetable dirt (MS) and a other with peat (TPT), was evaluated in
two fungus gathering trials inoculated with /L. fungicola/. The results
demonstrated that a many effective treatments were those with TPT
applied tighten to collect and/or those with a biggest series of
applications. The many influential treatments were TPT treatments
(reducing illness by 34 to 73 % in a dual trials, compared to the
inoculated control). In contrast, prochloraz reduced illness by 7 % and
4 % in a dual trials, compared to a control. These formula suggest
that dry burble illness can be tranquil by a use of spent mushroom
substrate teas.

————————————————————————
*مقاله ۲۰۱۳ داخلی: افزودن مکمل در زمان خاکدهی راندمان و کیفیت قارچ دکمه
ای سفید را افزایش می دهد*

*Supplementation during surrounding to urge produce and peculiarity of white button
mushroom*
————————————————————————
*مقاله ۲۰۱۲ داخلی: ارزیابی باکتری های افزایش دهنده عملکرد قارچ دکمه**ای*

  Evaluation of inland manly fungus expansion compelling bacteria
  (MGPB) on /Agaricus bisporus/ production
 

  * F. Zarenejad
    ,
  * B. Yakhchali
    ,
  * I. Rasooli
   

————————————————————————
*مقاله ۲۰۰۷: ارزیابی خاک پوششی برای کشت قارچ دکمه ای کمپوست قارچ خرید*

Evaluation of surrounding media for cultivation of /Agaricus bisporus/
(Lange) Imbach

.
————————————————————————
*
مقاله ۲۰۱۴: ترکیب کربوهیدراتی کمپوست طی فرآیند کمپوست سازی و رشد میسلیمی
قارچ دکمه ای*

  Carbohydrate combination of compost during composting and mycelium
  expansion of /Agaricus bisporus/

    Highlights

•In all phases studied, xylan structures uncover a identical grade of
substitution.

    Water solubility of xylan and glucan structures increasing 20% during
    mycelium growth.

    Xylan alkaline extractability remained a same over a whole
    slight studied.

    During mycelium expansion partial of a xylan decreases in size.

————————————————————————
**مقاله ۲۰۰۳: تغیر اسیدیه خاکهای پوششی مختلف در طی قارچدهی کمپوست قارچ**

*Change in pH values of opposite surrounding substrates during gathering of
/Agaricus bisporus/ (Lange) Imbach. *

————————————————————————
*
مقاله ۲۰۰۷:استفاده از ورمیکمپوست به عنوان خاک پوششی قارچ شیری*

    *Use of vermicompost as surrounding element for cultivation of milky
    mushroom.
    *

————————————————————————
*
توليد خاک پوششي با استفاده از ورمي کمپوست براي پرورش قارچ دکمه
ای(Agaricus bisporus)
*
ذكايي محمود,بازيار سحر*,خانه باد محمد

http://www.sid.ir/fa/VEWSSID/J_pdf/6002213891203.pdf
————————————————————————

        مقاله۲۰۰۹ کنگره ای ایران: تولید خاک پوششی کمپوست قارچ با ورمی
        کمپوست برای پرورش قارچ دکمه ای

http://profdoc.um.ac.ir/articles/a/1014513.JPEG

*
*
————————————————————————
*
پاسخ فیژیولوژیکی قارچ دکمه ای دارویی آگاریکوس بلزیی با استفاده از خاک
های پوششی مختلف و راهکارهای عملی در کشت قارچ- دکمه ای کمپوست قارچ خاک پوششی*

  Physiologic response of /Agaricus subrufescens/ regulating opposite casing
  materials and practices practical in a cultivation of /Agaricus
  bisporus/
 

    Highlights

•Canadian brownish-red peat, earth dirt and coconut coir were used for /Agaricus
subrufescens/ cultivation.
•We checked a change of Ruffling and CACing on capability of
mushrooms.
•Casing formed on dirt showed a best productivity.
•The ruffling technique is rarely aloft to CACing.
•The aged compost showed high capability due to a degradation?

————————————————————————

    Abstract

Casing materials and practices used in a cultivation of /Agaricus
bisporus/ were evaluated in a cultivation of /Agaricus subrufescens/,
using a best techniques for optimization of production, including the
possibility of re-casing of a compost for a prolongation of a second
crop of mushroom. Casing formed on peat moss, earth dirt or coir was
compared to surrounding element churned with or though spawn-run compost.
Based on a results, we interpretation that a surrounding covering used in the
cultivation of /A. subrufescens/ should not indispensably be a same as
that used in a cultivation of /A. bisporus/. For a tested strain
cultivated with earth dirt as surrounding layer, a ruffling technique is
highly aloft to CACing and should be followed in serve research. The
re-casing of compost in new cycles showed good formula suggesting that
the now used compost could be improved.

————————————————————————

        شناسایی اکتینومیست‌های کمپوست قارچ خوراکی دکمه‌ای – خاک پوششی
        کمپوست قارچ

آکتینومیست‌ها، بویژه گونه‌های گرمادوست، بعنوان اصلی‌ترین اجزای میکروفلور
کمپوست قارچ خوراکی تکمه‌ای شناخته‌شده‌اند. آکتینومیست‌های گرمادوست با
استفاده از روش رقیق‌سازی بر روی محیط کشت آگار و انکوبه شدن در دمایC 48
جداسازی شدند. مقایسه الگوی قطعات برشی ایزوله‌های جداشده با الگوی تهیه
شده از هضم تمامی توالی‌های معتبر منتشر شده از گونه‌های آکتینومیست‌ها به
صورت این سیلیکو، روشی سریع برای شناسایی آکتینومیست‌ها می‌باشد. جهت تفکیک
ایزوله ها، جزء کوچک ژن RNA ریبوزومی (۱۶SrRNA) به طول تقریبی ۱۵۰۰ جفت باز
از آکتینومیست‌های جداسازی شده با استفاده از واکنش زنجیره‌ای پلیمراز و
پرایمر‌های عمومی fD1 و rP2 تکثیر شد. با استفاده از آنزیم‌های برشی، ژن
۱۶SrRNA تکثیر شده هر ایزوله، جداگانه هضم و الگوی برشی هر آنزیم با
الکتروفورز روی ژل آگارز تعیین گردید. از تکنیک تجزیه و تحلیل قطعات DNA
ریبوزومی تکثیر شده ( ARDRA) برای شناسایی ایزوله‌های ناشناخته استفاده شد.
بیشترین آکتینومیست‌های جداسازی شده از کمپوست قارچ خوراکی تکمه‌ای به جنس
استرپتومایسس تعلق داشتند که از اهمیت زیادی در تجزیه بقایای گیاهی و تولید
کمپوست برخوردارند
http://profdoc.um.ac.ir/articles/a/1011240.pdf
————————————————————————
*مقاله ۲۰۱۳: ضایعات غذایی هضم شده به صورت غیر هوازی در کمپوست قارچ دکمه
ای و دکمه ای دارویی و تاثیر آن روی تولید قارج کمپوست قارچ خرید فروش خاک
پوششی*

  Anaerobically eaten food rubbish in compost for /Agaricus bisporus/
  and /Agaricus subrufescens/ and a outcome on fungus productivity
 

      Abstract

        Background

*Source-separated food rubbish is increasingly being treated by means of
hygienisation followed by anaerobic digestion. The sinewy digester
residue (digestate) is a power fungus substrate, while feverishness from
the biogas can produce steam for a cultivation process. Using bag
experiments a benefaction investigate explored digestate as a full substitute
for duck fertilizer conventionally used in fungus composts*.

        Results

*After mixing, a fast feverishness expansion in a compost was
stimulated by a tiny volume of duck manure, as aerobic microbial
seeding. Mechanical rejecting of lumps was essential for full mycelial
colonisation. Three straw digestate composts had /Agaricus bisporus/
mushroom yields above 370 g kg^−۱ substrate. The optimal compost water
content was 600 g kg^−۱ during inoculation, and high digestate calm (up
to 500 g kg^−۱ by dry weight) did not impact produce for this species.
High yields of /A. subrufescens/ (200 g kg^−۱ ) were associated to drier
composts of reduce digestate calm (more straw) and reduce pH values at
inoculation*.

        Conclusion

*Digestate successfully replaced duck fertilizer in straw composts
without inspiring fungus yields for both species. There were no clear
differences between straw digestate and control composts in terms of
mushroom dry matter, size, nitrogen or charcoal content. © ۲۰۱۳ Society of
Chemical Industry*

http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/jsfa.6026/abstract;jsessionid=FE92EBFBF9872396A3FC16F4C4EFAE01.d02t02?deniedAccessCustomisedMessage=userIsAuthenticated=false
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*مقاله ۲۰۱۳: شیوع لکانیسلیوم فانجیکولا عامل بیماری حباب خشک قارچ دکمه ای
کشت شده با استفاده از دو نوع خاک پوششی- کمپوست قارچ دکمه ای خرید فروش*

*Incidence of /Lecanicillium fungicola/ in white-button mushroom
(/Agaricus bisporus/) cultivated with dual forms of surrounding soil.*

      Abstract

The outcome of a representative of dry burble illness /Lecanicillium fungicola/
on fungus cultivation regulating dual forms of surrounding (mineral dirt and
peat-based) was evaluated in dual artificially putrescent gathering trials.
The occurrence of dry burble and detriment of produce caused by a illness were
assessed. Biological potency (BE) was used to weigh mushroom
productivity for a opposite surrounding soils. The formula showed that, in
the deficiency of /L. fungicola/ infection, a aloft BE performed using
peat-based surrounding (higher produce of /A. bisporus/) compensates for the
higher cost of a casing. However, when confronting critical infection by /L.
fungicola/, a occurrence of illness and a produce of healthy mushrooms
were statistically identical for both forms of casing, nonetheless a number
of infirm mushrooms was aloft when peat-based surrounding was used.
Therefore, a use of peat-based casings can't be endorsed when
there is a high risk of outbreaks of dry bubble, given a produce of
healthy mushrooms is not sufficient to recompense for a disproportion in
price between both surrounding types.

http://www.cabdirect.org/abstracts/20133138152.html;jsessionid=B503BAD43A94B8A9C7ADF01E32263E68

————————————————————————
*مقاله ۲۰۱۳: غیر فعال شدن بیمارگر های انسانی در طی فاز دو کمپوست سازی
قارچ دکمه ای*

  Inactivation of Human Pathogens during Phase II Composting of
  Manure-Based Mushroom Growth Substrate
 

*Abstract:*

Commercial prolongation of white symbol mushrooms (/Agaricus bisporus/)
requires a specialized expansion substrate prepared from composted
agricultural by-products. Because equine and ornithology manures are widely
used in substrate formulations, there is a need to establish a extent
to that a composting slight is able of expelling human
pathogens. In this study, partially composted substrate was inoculated
with a micro-organism cocktail (log 10^6 to 10^8 CFU/g) containing /Listeria
monocytogenes, Escherichia coli/ O157:H7, and /Salmonella/. Pathogen and
indicator-organism reductions were followed during temperatures that
typically occurred during a customary 6-day proviso II pasteurization and
conditioning procedure. Controlled-temperature H2O bath studies at
48.8, 54.4, and 60°C demonstrated finish drop of a three
pathogens after 36.0, 8.0, and 0.5 h, respectively. Destruction of /L.
monocytogenes/ and /E. coli/ O157:H7 during 54.4°C occurred some-more solemnly than
/E. coli,/ sum coliforms, /Enterobacteriaceae,/ and /Salmonella/.
Microbial reductions that occurred during a customary 6-day proviso II
pasteurization and conditioning diagnosis were complicated in a small-scale
mushroom prolongation investigate facility. After proviso II composting, /E.
coli,/ coliforms, and /Enterobacteriaceae/ were next detectable levels,
and inoculated pathogens were not rescued by approach plating or by
enrichment. The formula of this investigate uncover that a proviso II composting
process can be an effective control magnitude for expelling risks
associated with a use of composted animal manures during mushroom
production. Growers are speedy to countenance and determine their own
composting processes by periodic microbial contrast for pathogens
and to control studies to assure uniform placement of substrate
temperatures during proviso II.
 
 
 

*Document Type:* Research Article

 

*DOI:* http://dx.doi.org/10.4315/0362-028X.JFP-12-508

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  تاثیر مواد افزاینده رشد و مکانیسم عمل سودوموناس های فلوروسنت روی
  عملکرد قارچ دکمه ای و کمپوس و خاک پوششی دکمه ای

  The outcome of expansion graduation and a apparatus on succulent fungi by
  fluorescent Pseudomonas
 

 
By STMOPEN.net on Tuesday,
April 2, 2013
 

fluorescent pseudomonads can foster mycelia expansion and expansion of
some mushroom, such as Agaricus bisporus, Pleurotus ostreatus, and
Pleurotus eryngii. It stays feeble characterized either fluorescent
pseudomonas has identical outcome on other cultivated fungus and what is
the mechanism. A aria of fluorescent pseudomonad was removed from
wheat rhizosphere and named Pseudomonas sp. P2-10. The turn of partial
16S rDNA routine likeness between aria P2-10 and a fluorescent
Pseudomonas class from GenBank ranged from 94% to 98%. The top 16S
rDNA routine likeness (98%) was celebrated between aria P2-10 and P.
putida IAM 1236T, P. Koreensis Ps 9-14T, P. pavonaceae IAM 1155T, P.
jessenii CIP 105274T, and P. umsongensis Ps 3-10T. With further of
bacterial enlightenment aria P2-10 and a supernatant to cottonseed hull
media, mycelia of P. ostreatus Td 300, P. eryngii X6, and Coprinus
comatus R7 grew faster and fruit physique produce of P. ostreatus and P.
eryngii were significantly aloft than that of control. Similarly adding
P2-10 enlightenment to axenic surrounding dirt of C. comatus R7 also stimulated
basidiome initiation. The piece for those effects was in cultural
solution of aria P2-10, and was identical to that of ethylene inhibitor
AgNO3 and CoCl2. Strain P2-10 contained a enzyme
1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate (ACC) deaminase and can implement ACC as
a solitary source of nitrogen. Results of this investigate strongly suggest
that inoculation of a mycelia with a fluorescent pseudomonas may
promote mycelia growth, basidiome initiation, and raise fruit body
yield of P. ostreatus, P. eryngii, and C. comatus. The apparatus might be
that ACC deaminase degrades ACC and decreases ethylene singularity by
edible fungi, subsequently relieves a inhibitory movement of ethylene to
mycelia expansion and fruit physique expansion of succulent fungi.

 

Keywords:fluorescent pseudomonadsedible fungigrowth promotionmechanism

 

PDF Download

 

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*مقاله ۲۰۱۳: یک روش سریع تولید کمپوست برای بالا بردن کیفیت بستر و عملکرد
قارچ دکمه ای آگاریکوس*

 

* An softened fast composting procession raise a substrate quality
and produce of Agaricus bisporus*

 

The outcome of pacifist aeration on substrate quality, composting period
and produce was complicated regulating opposite seperated high-density
polyethylene (HDPE) pipes arrangements, as a composting routine for
substrate credentials to Agaricus bisporus cultivation. The ingredients
are, reduction of wheat straw (60%), wheat bran (5.5%), duck manure
(31%), urea (0.5%) and gypsum (3%) with initial dampness (75%) used for
composting. It was demonstrated that pacifist aeration is a key
parameter determining composting process, condensed a compost period,
enhance a substrate peculiarity and Agaricus produce as of raise composting.
The substrate physico-chemical characteristics that is, moisture
content, feverishness pattern, bulk density, pH, electric conductivity,
C: N ratio and thermophilic fungi activity sundry significantly with
composting period. The together arrangement (10% perforations) was found
best among all a pacifist aeration treatments for achieving a quality
substrate in shortest composting duration of 16 day and raise a A.
bisporus produce adult to 27.6%. This investigate also opens probability to
cultivate A. bisporus on a lingo-cellulosic, non-pasteurized,
non-conditioned, aerated substrate and that composting for 16 days
improve a fungus produce with smallest energy, labor and infrastructure.

 Key words: Agaricus bisporus, physico-chemical characteristics,
composting, high-density polyethylene (HDPE) pipe, pacifist aeration,
thermophilic fungi.

 http://www.academicjournals.org/AJAR/fulltext/2013/12Sep/Wakchaure%20et%20al.htm

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*مقاله ۲۰۱۳: نقش میکروفلورای گرمادوست در فراآیند کمپوست سازی کمپوست قارچ*

  Role of Thermophilic Microflora in Composting
 

    Abstract

Composting is a slight that translates organic rubbish to a humus-like end
product and is not usually a rubbish diagnosis technique though also a recycling
method as a finish product can be used in cultivation as fertiliser, in
gardening or in landscaping. Microbes play a pivotal purpose as degraders
during a composting process; mesophilic microflora constitutes the
pioneer component, while thermophilic microflora, a consummate and also
the widespread member contributes significantly to a peculiarity of
compost. The dynamics of microbial village in opposite compost
ecosystems change in context with qualitative and quantitative changes
in physico-chemical conditions of compost. Optimisation of compost
quality is directly related to combination and period of microbial
communities in compost ecosystem. This necessitates a monitoring and
characterisation of a microbial village composition, patterns and
dynamics of class farrago during spatial scales. The biasedness and
time-consuming inlet of cultivation-based approaches exceedingly limits
spatial and temporal power of sampling, though with a appearance of
culture-independent molecular techniques, new insights into the
composition of uncultivable communities have been gained. It has also
been now probable to conclude a causes of time-dependent changes in the
health of microbial village on a basement of celebrated 16S and 18S rDNA
diversity. The genomic information represented by such a ‘community
genome’ offers a extensive apparatus for examining a border and
patterns of microbial genetic farrago and metabolic capabilities in
the healthy ecosystem. These studies also produce simple believe on
mechanisms that control class coexistence, that have fundamental
applications given they offer a horizon that serves in maintaining,
restoring and utilizing a farrago in healthy compost ecosystem
and hastening a slight of composting besides improving a peculiarity of
compost.

 

:: موضوعات مرتبط:
فروش کمپوست قارچ دکمه ای


:: برچسب‌ها:
فروش کمپوست قارچ دکمه ای و خاک پوششی کمپوست ملارد
,
کمپوست قارچ فرشاد خاک پوششی نمایندگی فروش کومپوس
,
کمپوست پارس
,
ماهان
,
جوانه

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